Plaintext - A message or data, such as a file, that is in a human readable form or in form that any program can read without requiring decryption of that file. It could be a simple text document written on a notepad, word document, word pad document or any textual file document. Such a file can be read by anyone without decrypting. Those unsecured typed of data are called plaintext.
Ciphertext - An opposite of plaintext. It is an encrypted message or data, scrambled into unreadable form.
Encryption - A process where you scramble a message, or any other kind of information so it can not be read by anyone who does not have the right key for decrypting it.
Decryption - An opposite of encryption, converting (unscrambling) files or documents from an encrypted form (ciphertext) to an unencrypted form (plaintext).
Cryptology - Science that covers both cryptography and cryptanalysis.
Cryptography - Science of hiding information, or developing encryption methods, systems and technologies.
Cryptanalysis - Study of breaking encryption methods or systems, breaking or cracking the codes and trying to break the encrypted message back into it readable form.
Algorithm - A mathematical formula, or method used to scramble the bits of a message (the binary data, 1's and 0's) from its original form into ciphertext (encrypted data).
Key - Secret piece of information, such as password, identification number, digital certificate etc used in conjunction with algorithm to encrypt data or file. To encrypt a file you need an algorithm and a key, to decrypt a data you also need an algorithm and a key. The key may, or may not be the same for file encryption.
Symmetric key encryption (also called private or shared) - A method where there is only one single key, shared between two parties that want to exchange encrypted files.
Asymmetric key encryption (also called public) - A method where there are two keys used to encrypt and decrypt messages or files.
File Encryption is free windows application to securely protect and encrypt your files and folders. To download File Encryption visit download page.